Cities Of Yemen

City of yemen, and the country's winter capital, with 590,000 inhabitants (2005 estimate), situated in the south of the country, at thegulf of aden.
Aden is made up of easily distinguishable centers, surrounding what once was the crater of a volcano, rising up to 300 metres above sea level. Of the old volcano crater, only the Bay of Aden remains. Its total diametre is about 20 km, and greater Aden is made up of Crater, Khurmaksar, Al-Burayqa (also known as Little Aden), Madinatu sh-Sha'b, Ma'alla, and At-Tawahi.
The British captured Aden in 1839, and made it the most important port of Yemen. This was at first at the expense of Mukha.
Aden was capital of south yemen, for the period from 1967 to 1990, when North and South Yemen united.
Aden is the second largest city of a united Yemen, but since it is the main sea port of the country, it is also the economic capital of the entire country.


Shibam (often referred to as Shibam Hadhramaut) is a town in yemen with about 7,000 inhabitants, which is thought to have existed since the 2nd century AD. It had been the capital of the hadramawt Kingdom.

Shibam owes its fame to its distinct architecture, which is now on UNESCO worlds heritage site program to safeguard the human cultural heritage. The houses of Shibam are all made out of mud bricks, but about 500 of them are riseing 5 to 16 stories high with each floor having one or two apartment. This building technique was implemented in order to protect residents from Bedouin attacks. While Shibam has existed for around 2,000 years, most of the city's houses originated during the 16th century. Many, though, have been rebuilt over and over again during the last few centuries.

Shibam is often called "the oldest skyscraper-city in the world", and is the earliest example urban planing based on the principle of vertical construction.The city has the tallest mud buildings in the world, with some of them about 40 metres high, thus being the firsthigh rise(which need to be at least 75 feet or 23 meters)apartment and tower blocks (excepting thefried brick apartment buildings of ancient Rome). The tallest building in the city is the mudbrick minaret which stands at about 53 meters (175 feet) tall. In order to protect the buildings from rain and erosion, the façades are thickly coated and need to be maintained and frequently renovated by the inhabitants. The renovation can be completed by well-practiced workers within a short time.


city, western yemen It is situated on the Tihāmah coastal plain that borders the Red Sea. It is one of the nation’s chief ports and has modern facilities. Al-Ḥudaydah, first mentioned in Islamic chronicles in 1454/55, became important in the 1520s when the Yemeni Tihāmah was taken by the Ottomans. In succeeding centuries the city displaced Mocha (Al-Mukhā) as the country’s chief port. Under Ottoman suzerainty until 1918, Al-Ḥudaydah was the landing site for successive Ottoman attempts to wrest full control of the then Imamate of Yemen from its traditional rulers (first Ottoman occupation, commencing 1849; second occupation, 1872–1918). During the Italo-Ottoman War of 1911–12 the city was shelled by Italian warships lying offshore. After world war1 the victorious British handed over Al-Ḥudaydah and the Yemeni Tihāmah to the Idrīsī rulers of Asir, to the north, but the area was retaken by Yemen in 1925. A Yemeni-fomented revolt in Asir in 1934 led to Saudi occupation of Al-Ḥudaydah. Thetreaty of at ta if of that year returned the city and the Yemeni Tihāmah to Yemen; the latter, in turn, recognized Saudi Arabia’s possession of Asir. The city was seat of a semiautonomous administration under one of the Yemeni imam’s (leader’s) sons until proclamation of the republic and the subsequent civil war (1962–70).


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